MUSIC IN HUNGARY
An Illustrated History
The Budapest music publisher, Rózsavölgyi and Company, has published a new book titled as above. The rich content of the book is drawn from a catalogue of a 2001 exhibition at the Budapest Historical Museum (in the former Royal Palace at the Buda Castle) under the title of ”Symphonia Hungarorum” – One Thousand Years of Hungarian Musical Culture (In 2000, Hungary celebrated the millennium of the founding of the Kingdom/State of Hungary in the year 1000 A.D. by King Stephen I) The album-sized catalogue was published in Hungarian. A revised version was published in hardcover in 2004, also in Hungarian (Képes magyar zenetörténet – An Illustrated History of Hungarian Music. Fortunately, the second, enlarged edition has also been published in English translation this year (2011), edited by Professor János Kárpáti, a musicologist and former Director of the Library of the Franz Liszt Academy of Music. (Of course, he was also the curator of the exhibition ten years ago as well as the editor of the earlier publications).
The authors of each of the chapters are the most recognized experts in the various fields and epochs of Hungarian music history. Based on the concept of the editor, the book gives a very wide horizon both historically and culturally. Through it, we obtain a detailed picture about special ‘Hungarianisms’ as well as the presence of European musical standards and musical life during the many stormy centuries of Hungary. Even a cursory glance at the Table of Contents indicates that the book contains a never-before-seen historical view of Hungarian music and musical life. Results of the most recent research are reflected in the studies.
The editor’s Preface is followed by an Introduction entitled Musical Histories of the Former Hungary by Tibor Tallián. The individual essays are as follows: Melinda Kaba, The Carpathian Basin before the Hungarian Conquest; János Kárpáti, ‘Symphonia Hungarorum’ – The Legend of Bishop Gerard; László Dobszay and Janka Szendrey, Hungarian Gregorian Chant; Márta Szekeres-Farkas, Music at the Royal Courts; Géza Papp, The Chroniclers of the Turkish Occupation; Péter Király, An Internationally Renowned Virtuoso from Hungary— Valentin Bakfark [lutenist]; Ilona Ferenczi, Music of the Reformation and Counter-Reformation Periods; Ágnes Sas, Court Music of the Esterházy Princes; Zoltán Farkas, The Music of Towns in Eighteenth-century Hungary; László Felföldi and Géza Papp, Hungarian Dances from Ungaresca to Csárdás [16th-19th centuries]; Tibor Tallián, National Theater – National Opera; Mária Eckhardt, Franz Liszt on the Path to Hungarian Music; Katalin Szerző, Musical Life in the Age of Dualism [last decades of the 19th century]; Bálint Sárosi, Gypsy Musicians – Hungarian Folk-like Music; András Batta, Austro-Hungarian Operetta under the Monarchy; Ferenc Sebő, The Discovery of Peasant Music; László Somfai, Béla Bartók: One of the Greats of the Twentieth Century; László Eősze, National Characteristics – Universal Values: Zoltán Kodály; Anna Dalos, Another Twentieth Century; András Batta:, World-renowned Hungarian Performing Art.